A Case for Community based solar pumps in India
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH March 2018

The agriculture sector in India is witnessing a sluggish growth with production of major crops on the decline since 2014. Solar pumps have a market potential of INR 750 billion* and are set to drive the Indian pumping market in the future. Solar pump is a sustainable technology with negligible operating cost. Solar pumps can be configured in multiple ways for different applications. However, the profitability of solar pumps depends on the mode of usage and the cropping pattern. Solar pumps if used in a community based model will help increase the asset utilization thus reducing the payback period. Benefits of community based solar pumpset model are as follows.

Business Case on community
Based Solar Powered Irrigation System

Our country is dominated by the agriculture sector employing about half of the population1. It is expected that by 2019-20, the sector will employ approximately 205 million2 people. The sector is a key determinant of the Indian economy and roughly contributes to 173% of our GDP. Despite this, the productivity in the country has been highly variable due to erratic monsoons, since about 40% of the population still relies on monsoon rains for irrigation4.

Crowdfunding for Energy Access in India
This report is the product of a two-month placement at the Indo-German Energy Programme

This report is the product of a two-month placement at the Indo-German Energy Programme – Access to Energy in Rural Areas (IGEN-ACCESS) in New Delhi, India, which the author completed in the course of the ASApreneur Programe by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The stay was made possible through a collaboration between the bettervest GmbH in Frankfurt am Main, Germany and the Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH in New Delhi.

Indo German Energy Programme
Access to Energy for Rural Areas

This database is a comprehensive tool containing details of key private sector players involved in the promotion of solar powered irrigation systems with a long term view on increasing consumer demand for better system integration of market actors.

Seeds of Change
Coffee Table Book on Energy

The Coffee Table Book is being presented to give a pictorial impression of different aspects of energy poverty, which is often set against the picturesque landscape of rural India. The book is divided into four main sections, which are energy in agriculture, clean cooking energy, lighting and productive uses of energy.  The book offers a unique opportunity to the reader to get acquainted with the daily adversitites and fortunes of millions living in rural India. It also showcases how access to energy has touched millions of lives by helping them create livelihood opportunities, increase agricultural yield or improve the quality of life of people.

Access to Clean Cooking Energy in India
Beyond connections, towards sustained use

Access to clean cooking energy is not solely an energy access issue.  Given that traditional cooking methods disproportionately impact women in terms of drudgery, adverse health outcomes, and lost opportunity cost of time,  it is imperative to include them in the design and execution of solutions.  In order to achieve significant progress in increasing sustained clean cooking energy access,  there is a need to develoop a coherent strategy that integrates access to clean cooking energy with the borader programmes for rural and human development

Report on Field Testing Cookstove Performance
In Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal, India

Clean and efficient cookstoves are being promoted in order to mitigate the health, environmental, and socioeconomic impacts of cooking with inefficient, traditional cookstoves in India. Such clean cookstoves are generally selected based on their performance during standardized laboratory tests. Field conditions, however, are different from laboratory: Fuel types and conditions vary between households and communities, as well as across seasons; there are a number of different food types cooked even within the same home; cooking vessels differ in their size, shape, and material; and how the users tend cook fires and operate stoves is highly variable. The objectives of this work were to demonstrate the importance of field testing by comparing stove performance tested under field ocnditions to those tested under laboratory conditions and to provide an example for how field testing can be used to differentiate real-world performance of stoves targeted for potential scale up.

Field Testing Cookstove Performance
A guidance document

This document provides guidance on planning and conducting field tests of biomass cookstove performance. The field assessment approaches described here, focus specifically on testing stoves during uncontrolled cooking events, which provides information on real-world stove performance such as fuel efficiency, pollutant emission factors and firepower. Characterzing this real-world stove performance can help inform decisions regarding which technologies have potential for broader social, health and environmental impacts. Direct assessment of indicator closer to impact level outcomes such as household air pollution, personal exposure and household-level fuel savings require different approaches as there are many non-stove performance factors which can affect these indicators.

Detailed Assessment of Demand for Energy
In the districts of Kanpur Nagar and Banda in Uttar Pradesh

This report was commissioned with the primary objective of carrying out a detailed assessment of the demand for energy in the districts of Kanpur Nagar and Banda in the state of Uttar Pradesh (UP). This demand assessment targets to assess the total demand of 100 un-electrified villages in Kanpur Nagar and Banda. The findings of this report’s are intended to serve as a base for establishing solar mini-grid pilot projects, which would further be helpful in demonstrating the proof-of-concept for a viable business model of distributed generation in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

Enterprise Based Promotion of Watermills
Demand Driven Cluster Based Approach

In Uttarakhand, watermills (Gharats) have traditionally been the lifeline of rural communities and used to provide mechanical power, primarily for grinding food grains. As access to these remote rural communities improved (improvements in road infrastructure as well as penetration of the electricity grid), the traditional water mills were also gradually replaced by diesel and electric mills.  Efforts were made to improve the efficiency of the watermills and make them more competitive.

IGEN-Access Factsheet
Indo-German Energy Programme-Access to Energy in Rural Areas

Indo-German Energy Programme-Access to Energy in Rural Areas (IGEN-Access) seeks to create a conducive environment for renewable rural energy enterprises and make energy services easily accessbile.

Framework to Shortlist Potential Districts for
Setting Up Decentralized Biomass Pellet Plants

The aim of this research is to develop a comprehensive framework based on secondary data and to undertake a comparative analysis for various districts in Uttar Pradesh for setting up decentralised pellet production plants and to recommend two districts, where this can be piloted.

Access to Finance for MSMEs in the RE sector in India

This report aims to fill the gap in the literature by providing information on the financing needs, barriers, gaps and solutions for specific segments with the RE sector. The objective of the present study is to identify market segments with distint financing needs, both in terms of quantity and type of finance needed, as well as with specific risk-return profiles.

Frequently Asked Questions (English)
Solar Powered Irrigation Pumps

The FAQs on the solar powered irrigation pump has been developed based on questions raised by farmers during technology demonstration camps in Bihar. The present document is an attempt to put together relevant information to raise the basic level of awareness on solar powered irrigation pumps.

Frequently Asked Questions (Hindi)
Solar Powered Irrigation Pumps

The FAQs on the solar powered irrigation pump has been developed based on questions raised by farmers during technology demonstration camps in Bihar. The present document is an attempt to put together relevant information to raise the basic level of awareness on solar powered irrigation pumps.

Energy Access Through off- Grid Micro Hydro Projects
An article from Mr.Onkar Nath

Access to infrastructure is one of the basic requirements for development of an economy, and it holds its importance especially in the context of off-grid rural areas that generally lag behind in most of the developing countries. Energy is the most important of these infrastructural requirements and uninterrupted supply of energy is essential for development. In this article, Mr.Onkar Nath talks about how electricity supply from micro-hydro power projects has shaped economic development in remote regions of Uttarakhand.

The Kaleidoscope of Cooking
Understanding Cooking Behaviour and Stove Preferences in Rural India

This study was undertaken to understand consumer preferences for different Improved Cookstove (ICS) products and identify suitable ICS technologies/models for users in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. The study followed a multi-phase approach to gain a better understanding of consumer preferences through a household survey, a user acceptance test and comprehensive feedback collected by questionnaires, focus group discussions, and ICS auctions. The analysis of data provided a good understanding of households' socio-economic status, existing cooking practices in above locations and user's preferences for different ICS technologies/models.

Ingredients for Sustainable Cookstove Interventions
Lessons Learned from the Indian Programme for Improved Cookstoves (NPIC)

The National Programme on Improved Cookstoves (NPIC) was implemented by the Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) between 1983 and 2002 to bring improved biomass cookstoves to the kitchens of Indian households. The lessons that can be learned from the successes achieved and challenges faced by the NPIC remain of great importance today. This paper aims to analyse the past experiences of the NPIC so as to support the design of new cookstove interventions.

Improved Cookstoves
Activities under the Indo-German Energy Programme (IGEN)

About 145 million Indian households use traditional cookstoves for their daily cooking and depend on biomass fuels such as wood, dung, or agricultural residues. Traditional cookstoves, such as three-stone- fires or simple potter stoves, consume excessive amounts of biomass and cause health-threatening levels of indoor air pollution According to the World Health Organization (WHO), indoor air pollution causes nearly 500,000 premature deaths in India annually.

Spinning with the sun
Application of solar energy in rural garment manufacturing

The use of charkhas (manual spinning wheels) to produce Project Name Indo-German Energy Programme – Renewable Energy Component (IGEN-Access) Commissioned by Federal Ministry for Economic Co-operation and Development (BMZ), Germany Country India Implementing agency Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Cooperation partner Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India Duration October 2010 - December 2014 hand-spun clothes (khadi) is common in rural India. Historically, the use of charkhas is associated with Mahatma Gandhi’s vision of a self-reliant village economy. However, the use of hand-driven charkhas is slowly but steadily declining. Key factors in this development are the rise of new employment opportunities in other sectors offering better wages, competition from cheaper garments of high quality from local cotton mills, and the tedious physical drudgery associated with the use of traditional charkhas.

Factsheet Solar Water Pumping for Irrigation
Potential and Barriers in Bihar, India

A complex set of factors such as global warming, increasing competitive land use, and the growing mismatch between energy demand and supply is creating new challenges for the vast agrarian population in India. Diesel for running irrigation pumps is often beyond the means of economically marginalized farmers. Insufficient irrigation can lead to crop damage, reducing yields and diminishing income. Environment-friendly, low-maintenance photovoltaic pumping systems offer new possibilities for pumping irrigation water.

Solar Water Pumping for Irrigation
Opportunities in Bihar, India

The document is an attempt to put together relevant information to stimulate thinking and raise basic knowledge on the status and potentials for solar water pumps in India in general and Bihar in particular.

Solar water pumping
Improving the Market Ecosystems for Solar Irrigation Pumps .Activities under the Indo-German Energy Programme (IGEN)

The market for solar water pumps in India has primarily been driven by both national and state level government schemes addressing irrigation and rural drinking water needs. Although there is an esti- mated potential of 70 million solar pumps to be installed in India by 2020 , this market has not evolved to its full potential due to a number of deterring factors. Affordability (cost of the technology in relation to existing income levels of customers), awareness (knowledge about the technology), accessibility (options to obtain the technology), and lack of technology customization (matching farmers’ needs with technology solutions) are the most crucial issues affecting the adoption of solar water pumps in India.